What is Sunnah?
According to language, the word As Sunnah means a way or pursuit, whether commendable or appalling, in accordance with the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad(SAW).
According to linguistic terminology it is: Everything that originates from the Prophet(SAW) by means of what he said, what he performed, what he decided, and the characteristics of his body as well as behaviour, which is meant by him as legislation for the Islamic community.
According to the definition of the scholars of Islamic jurisprudence (Uṣūl al-fiqh - ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺃﺻﻮﻝ), As-Sunnah is: Everything that has as its source the Prophet(SAW), except Al Quran, whether it be deeds, speech, and decisions, which are sufficient to be proofs for the laws of legislation.
Regarding this matter, the scholars of Islamic jurisprudence have discussed it from all the facets that are prescribed for ‘mankind’ such as laws for life, and have laid down their principles as legislation.
Examples of the definition of As Sunnah contained within Hadith are:
- Ḥadīth: ﻗﻮﻟﻰ (Qauli - As Sunnah in the form of speech) is all statements of the Prophet(SAW) that have a connection with legislation.
- Ḥadīth: ﻓﻌﻠﻰ (Fiʿlī – As Sunnah in the form of actions) is all the actions of the Prophet(SAW) narrated by his companions y. They concerned Wuḍūʾ, Ṣalāt, Ḥajj, etc.
- Ḥadīth: ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ (Taqrīr – As Sunnah in the form of that which is established) is all the actions of the companions known from the Prophet(SAW), and he allowed them (as a sign of agreement) they were not denied.